Table of contents
Lo que necesitará para empezar
Instrucciones rápidas de puesta en marcha.
Aqui hay una lista reducida de lo que necesita para comenzar con la instalación de PrestaShop 1.6. No se preocupe si encuentra lagunas en algun apartado; encontrará instrucciones detalladas en las secciones que siguen a esta.
- Requerimientos del Sistema:
- PHP 5.2 o superior.
- Ajustes adecuados:
allow_url_fopenestablecido en ON,
register_globalsestablecido en OFF,
magic_quotes_*establecido en OFF,
safe_modeestablecido en OFF (todo ello en el archivo
file_max_upload_sizeestablecido en "16M".
- Extensiones PHP útiles: PDO_MySQL, cURL, SimpleXML, mcrypt, GD, OpenSSL, DOM, SOAP (todo ello en el archivo
- Herramientas de Servidor útiles: cron/crontab, Memcached.
- Ajustes adecuados:
- MySQL 5.0 o superior.
- Mejor si:
- El hosting es Unix/Linux.
- El servidor corre Apache Web Server 1.3 o superior o bien nginx Web Server.
- Ajustes para el módulo Apache:
- Ajustes para el módulo Apache:
- Al menos 64 Mb de RAM dedicados a PHP.
- PHP 5.2 o superior.
- Códigos de acceso (cuentas de acceso) a su servidor mediante protocolo FTP y a su base de datos MySQL.
- Estos deberían ser suministrador por el Administrador de su hosting (alojamiento para la tienda) si no está realizando una instalación local (en su propio ordenador).
- Cualquier editor de textos (N del T: un editor excelente es Notepad Plus, gratuito).
- Cualquier cliente FTP (N del T: use un programa de FTP que guarde las contraseñas encriptadas, tal como WinSCP, gratuito).
- Cualquier navegador moderno (si decide usar Internet Explorer, asegúrese de que sea la versión 8 o superior).
También necesitará saber la URL gracias a la cual su tienda (o tiendas) van a estar visibles en internet (también llamado nombre de dominio).
Compruebe la página oficial de requerimientos del sistema: http://www.prestashop.com/en/system-requirements.
Una vez su instalación esté en marcha, puede usar la Guía de Instalación: http://doc.prestashop.com/display/PS16/Installing+PrestaShop.
Instrucciones detalladas de puesta en marcha.
PrestaShop is a web application: it needs to be installed on a web server in order to run, and it needs a domain name that your visitors will use to access your store.
Registering a domain name
Before downloading or installing anything, you need to provide a home for your PrestaShop online store. That is made of two components: a domain name, and a web server. A domain is the online identifier for your website, such as
myonlineshop.net. It is the public face of your web server, and therefore of your store.
You need to buy a domain name for your store. You might be able to get one at the same time as you get your web hosting in place: many web hosts offer a free domain with every new account. They might be free for a year, or for as long as you are a client of that web host. This makes it easy to get the full package (hosting+domain name) in one go.
There can be an issue with host-provided domain names: if you find yourself not satisfied with the host's service, you will want to switch to a better host. This means moving your files, data and domain name to that other host.
The files and data are easy to move, but depending on the host, you might have a hard time getting your domain name back. Since they bought the domain name for you, technically the domain belongs to them, and they can either forbid you to transfer it to another host, or they can make you pay for it. And since the domain name is your brand and your address on the web, you must obey the web host's rules.
That is why it is often recommended to get your domain name from an independent domain name registrar (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_name_registrar). Technically, you can never buy a domain name; you can only rent it, most of the time for a yearly fee. This gives you the right to use that domain name, but as soon as you stop paying for it, it is not yours anymore and anyone can grab it for himself. So while you pay for the registration of the domain name in addition of your web hosting, but at least you are free to move to a better host at any time, for no supplementary fee: just change the domain name's DNS addresses, and within 24 hours the move is propagated to the world.
If you would rather get your domain name from an independent registrar, here are some that you can trust:
- Gandi: http://en.gandi.net/
- Namecheap: http://www.namecheap.com/
- PairNIC: https://www.pairnic.com/
There are many more. Ask your friends!
Finding a host
Now that you have a domain name, you need to have it lead to PrestaShop. This means that the PrestaShop files need to reside on a web server. You might have a web server of your own, but it is more likely that you have or will have your store hosted by an Internet hosting service (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_hosting_service), which provides you with an online home for a monthly or yearly fee.
Before starting an online store, you will first need to select a hosting provider. Just about every webhost can effectively handle the PrestaShop solution. However, only a few Hosting providers offer optimized servers for PrestaShop:
- OVH in France: OVH
- 1&1 in Spain: 1&1
- InMotion Hosting in all countries, except France and Spain: InMotion
Check out our hosting partners!
When choosing your host, remember one crucial requirement: it must provide you with support for PHP 5.2 (or more recent), the programming language with which PrestaShop is written, and MySQL 5 (or more recent), the database system where PrestaShop stores all its data. There are more requirements: see the "Technical requirements" section below.
PrestaShop can host your online business on its in-house web servers: our PrestaBox service was built in order to free merchants from any technical hassle, such as installing or updating PrestaShop.
Please consult our PrestaBox website for details on our low-priced, secure website hosting service. This is highly recommended for businesses with little to no experience with the Internet or computers.
You can reach PrestaBox at this address: http://www.prestabox.com/
PrestaShop is an application which runs on a web server, and is written using the PHP programming language. It stores its data in a MySQL server.
PHP is an open-source programming language, mainly used for web applications. Created in 1995, it has since become the most used programming language by web developers. It uses a C-like syntax, making it easy for developers to learn it.
MySQL is an open-source database management system. Also created in 1995, it has since become the most used database system by web developers. It is based on the SQL language, the most widely used database language.
Whichever hosting service you choose, it must have the following components installed on your web server:
- System: Unix, Linux or Windows. Unix is highly recommended.
- Web server: Apache Web server 1.3 or later.
- PHP 5.2 or later. You may have to activate PHP 5 (ask your hosting provider).
- MySQL 5.0 or later.
- At least 64 Mb of RAM on your server (128 Mb is more comfy, the more the better).
PrestaShop can work with PHP 5.1.3 or later, but versions inferior to 5.2 have bugs that might prevent some functionalities to work as expected (such as invalid date time zone).
PrestaShop can also work with Microsoft's IIS Web server 6.0 or later, and nginx 1.0 or later.
More information is available for system administrators in the System Administrators Guide. Make sure to read it!
You will need two tools: a text editor, in order to edit text files, and a FTP client, in order to transfer files from your machine to your server and vice-versa.
Here are a few well-known text editors:
- Notepad++: http://notepad-plus-plus.org/
- UltraEdit: http://www.ultraedit.com/
- Crimson Editor: http://www.crimsoneditor.com/
- OS X:
- Textmate: http://macromates.com/
- Coda: http://www.panic.com/coda/
- Smultron: http://www.peterborgapps.com/smultron/
Do NOT use a word processor when editing text files, such as Microsoft Word or OpenOffice.org Write.
FTP is short for "File Transfer Protocol", meaning the standard way used to transfer files from a computer to a web-host.
In this guide, we will use Filezilla, which is a great and free FTP client for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. Download it from http://filezilla-project.org/ and start its installer. Note: do not download FileZilla Server, only FileZilla Client!
Once FileZilla is installed, you will need to configure it with the connection parameters for your web server, which should have been sent to you by your host. If not, ask for them to your host – or check your spam folder.
Basically, the needed parameters are:
- a hostname or an IP address: the location of your hosting space's FTP server.
- a username: your hosting account identifier, which is unique to you.
- a password: obligatory security measure.
Open FileZilla, and open its Site Manager tool. You can do this in three different ways:
- Press Ctrl-S,
- Click the "Open the Site Manager" icon, at the top left,
- Open the "File" menu, and select the "Site Manager..." option.
A window opens.
To add your hosting space to the Site Manager:
- Click the "New Site" button. A new entry is created in the site list. Give it a recognizable name.
- On the right side, in the "General" tab, enter the parameters your host provided you with: host, user, and password. You should not have to change the other default parameters, unless told so by your host.
- Once all the fields are properly filled, click the "Connect" button. This will both save your site in the list, and log you into your account, so that you can make sure everything works right.
If FileZilla does not suit you, here are a few other well-known FTP clients:
- CoreFTP: http://www.coreftp.com/
- WinSCP: http://winscp.net/
- SmartFTP: http://www.smartftp.com/
- Mac OS X:
- Cyberduck: http://cyberduck.ch/
- Transmit: http://www.panic.com/transmit/
- Fetch: http://fetchsoftworks.com/fetch/
- gFTP: http://gftp.seul.org/
- kasablanca: http://kasablanca.berlios.de/
- NcFTP: http://www.ncftp.com/ncftp/
Making a plan
You should decide right away where you want to host PrestaShop. There are four possibilities relating to your domain name:
- At the root of the domain: http://www.example.com/
- In a folder: http://www.example.com/shop/
- In a sub-domain: http://store.example.com/
- In a folder of a sub-domain: http://clothes.example.com/boutique/
Note that thanks to the multistore feature, you can have as many stores as necessary with a single installation of PrestaShop 1.6, each with its own specific domain name if necessary. You should take that into account when deciding what goes where.
Whatever your plan, the default store will always reside where PrestaShop itself is located.
Finally, now that all the requirements are in place, you can use the installation guide: http://doc.prestashop.com/display/PS16/Installing+PrestaShop.