Categories are essential, they enable you to group equivalent products. This helps customers find their way through the variety of your catalog, and narrow down their search when looking for a specific type of product. You should create a new category from the moment you have at least two products with equivalent attributes. Products in a category should be comparable, if not interchangeable. Keep this idea in mind when adding new products and creating new categories.
Categories are managed in the "Categories" page of the "Catalog" menu. This page displays a table with the currently existing categories, with the main information displayed. In order to display sub-categories, click on the parent category or select "View" in the action menu.
Thanks to the icon in the "Displayed" column of the table, you can indicate the ones you want to hide from the customer by clicking on the green check-mark icon, thus turning it into a red "x" mark.
All the categories are actually sub-categories of the "Home" category. And to edit the "Home" category (or any currently selected category), click on the arrow next to the "View" button, then on "Edit". If you want to create a new category (or a sub-category of an existing category), click on the "Add new category" button from any level of categories.
Make sure to translate each field in every language that your shop supports. In order to do that, click on the language button next to the field, and choose the language in which you wish to edit the text.
- Name. Give your category a name. Make it very short and descriptive, and choose your words wisely: your customers will rely on it when browsing your shop.
- Displayed. Indicate if it is "displayed" (i.e., whether or not it will be available to your customers). For example, you may want to postpone displaying a new category to your customers because you have not quite completed it.
- Parent Category. Does not appear when creating a root category. If you wish to create a subcategory belonging to a category other than the home page, choose the category under which it will appear.
The form is the same when creating a root category or a sub-category. The only difference is that when clicking "Add new category" from a sub-level of categories, PrestaShop understands that you want to create a sub-category, and therefore sets the "Parent category" option accordingly.
- Description. You should fill this field, because not only will it be useful to you or your employees, but some themes might also make use of it, displaying it to your customers.
- Category cover image. Click on "Add file" to upload an image from your computer which will represent this category. It will appear on the category's page.
- Category thumbnail. Displays a small image in the parent category's page, if the theme allows it.
- Menu thumbnailthumbnails. The category thumbnail appears in the menu as a small image representing the category, if the theme allows it.
- SEO preview. New in 1.7.6! Display directly how your SEO configuration will look in search engine results.
- Meta title. The title that will appear on the search engines when a request is made by a customer
- Meta description. A presentation of your category in just a few lines, intended to capture a customer's interest. This will appear in the result pages of search engines.
- Meta keywords. Keywords that you must define in order to have your site referenced by search engines. You can enter several of them, separated by commas, as well as expressions, which must be indicated in quotation marks.
- Friendly URL. Enables you to rewrite the addresses of your categories as you wish.
For example, instead of having an address such as http://www.example.com/category.php?id_category=3, you can have http://www.example.com/123-name-of-the-category.
In this case, all you would need to do is indicate in the field marked "Friendly URL" the words that you wish to see appear instead of "name-of-the-category" separated by dashes.
Group access. Restricts access to the category and its products to certain shoppers. To see these categories, your shoppers must belong to a user group. For more information, check out the "Groups" tab in the "Customers settings" page, from the "Shop Parameters" menu.
The root category is very useful in multistore mode. Imagine you have 3 stores with different or partly different products and categories: you might want to use a different root category for each store.
The root category thus reflects the "home" category of each store so if you do not want to have the same products in the homepage category of each store, you need different root categories. This way it is easier to assign categories to each store and you can have different products in the home category.