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Usage of configuration variables

As indicated in the "Configuration object" section of the "Creating a PrestaShop module" chapter of this developer guide, some of the methods from the Configuration object have three optional parameters, which make it possible to target any other existing store on the current PrestaShop installation: id_shop, id_shop_group and id_lang.

While these parameters can prove useful when having to handle multiple specific and known stores from one of the presented Configuration method, they are not recommended for general usage. Your configuration code should only target the current store using the current Context, which every Configuration method does automatically.

In the few occasions where you need to apply a new value to the same Configuration variable for all existing stores, using the Configuration::updateGlobalValue($key, $value'myVariable', 'myValue') method. You can then retrieve that value for the current store by using the Configuration::get('myVariable') method.

Handling images and other types of files

Images can be defined on a per-store or a per-store-group basis: an item can have a default image on most stores on the PrestaShop installation, and another image for a specific store.

In order to achieve that, the name of the image must be stored in a configuration variable. The default image is then replaced on the fly with the store-specific image.

Here is Let's explore how the Blockadvertising module does it. First, here Using this module, you can upload an image to be displayed on the front-office of the store, serving as an advertisement to any link you might want. The module was built to make use of the multistore feature: depending on the selected store or store group in the multistore menu, the user can assign the uploaded image to a given store context or store group context.

Here is how it saves a submitted file:

Code Block
titleSaving the file on a per-store basis
  // Saving only the main portion of the uploaded file's name, without the file extension.
    substr($_FILES['adv_img']['name'], strrpos($_FILES['adv_img']['name'], '.') + 1)
  // Setting the image's name with a name contextual to the shop context.
  $this->adv_imgname = 'advertising';

  // Creating two versions of the image name, depending on the store context:
  // If the context is the current group, use the image named 'advertising-g'
  // If the context is the current store, use the image named 'advertising-s'
  if (Shop::getContext() == Shop::CONTEXT_GROUP)
    $this->adv_imgname = 'advertising'.'-g'.(int)$this->context->shop->getContextShopGroupID();
  elseif (Shop::getContext() == Shop::CONTEXT_SHOP)
    $this->adv_imgname = 'advertising'.'-s'.(int)$this->context->shop->getContextShopID();

  // Copying the image in the module directory with its new contextual name.
  if (!move_uploaded_file($_FILES['adv_img']['tmp_name'], 
    $errors .= $this->l('File upload error.');

Second, And here is how it decides which image to display, depending on the context:

Code Block
titleLoading the file on a per-store basis
protected function initialize()
  // Setting the main name of the image.
  $this->adv_imgname = 'advertising';

  // Setting the contextual name of the file, depending on the context.
  if ((Shop::getContext() == Shop::CONTEXT_GROUP  || Shop::getContext() == Shop::CONTEXT_SHOP)
    && file_exists(_PS_MODULE_DIR_.$this->name.'/'.$this->adv_imgname.'-g'
    $this->adv_imgname .= '-g'.$this->context->shop->getContextShopGroupID();
  if (Shop::getContext() == Shop::CONTEXT_SHOP
    && file_exists(_PS_MODULE_DIR_.$this->name.'/'.$this->adv_imgname.'-s'
    $this->adv_imgname .= '-s'.$this->context->shop->getContextShopID();
  $this->adv_img = Tools::getMediaServer($this->name)._MODULE_DIR_.$this->name.'/'